Do you know the 13 Yatra of Shree Jagannath?
There is 13 Yatra of Shree Jagannath (Puri) celebrated each year at Puri. The magnificent pastimes of the devotees and the Lord are truly awe-inspiring. Lord Shree Jagannath is the King of All-Universe and holds many pilgrimages throughout the year.
As per Skanda Purana, Jagannath instructed King Indradyumna to make this twelfth pilgrimage. All the pilgrimage must be celebrated according to the Ritus (Seasons), and rules.
Usually, we know that thirteen Yatra in twelve months but let’s also find out how thirteen Yatra is observed in Srimandir.
Name of 13 Yatra of Shree Jagannath (Puri)
1.Snana Yatra (Bathing of deities)
This Snana Yatra is performed on the full moon day (Purnima) of Jyeshta month as per Srimandir Panji.
The fourth idol with Shree Jagannath is brought out from the Ratna Vedi of Jagannath temple and taken in a procession to Snana (bathing) mandapa. The deities are bathing with 108 pot water in Snana mandap.
2. Rath Yatra of Shree Jagannath
The Ratha yatra or car festival is celebrated in the Jagannath temple on Asadha Shukla Paskhya Dwitiya tithi as per Srimandir Panji. The world-famous Rath Yatra is celebrated after a long stay of 15 days in the house Ansar.
On the day of the Car festival, the Mahaprabhu Shree Jagannath, Balabhadra, and sister Subhadra biaje in the three chariots at Sharadhabali to give his darshan to the devotee’s worldwide.
3. Sayan Yatra
The Sayan Yatra is performed in Asadha Shukla Ekadashi Tithi as per Srimandir Panji. On this ritual, the fourth idol and Shree Jagannath sleeping and darshan of the deities are stopped.
4. Dakshinayan Yatra
This yatra is celebrated in the Karkata Sankranti as per Srimandir Panji. It is said that Vibhishan darshan Shree Jagannath on that day. So the Dakshinayan Bandapana ritual is also performed on that day.
5. Side-changing Yatra
This Yatra is celebrated on the month Bhadrab Shukla Ekadasi (eleventh Day) as per Srimandir Panji, as the Mahaprabhu are asleep on this day and turn their backs.
6. Uththapan Yatra
This Yatra is celebrated on the month of Kartik Shukla Ekadasi (eleventh Day) as per Srimandir Panji, the Sayan ritual of deities is the end, Shree Jagannath awakens and the rituals are performed.
7. Pravana Sasti
The Pravan Sasti is celebrated in the month of Margasira Shukla Sasti tithi as per Srimandir Panji. During the day the deities are dressed in winter clothes according to the ritual to escape the onslaught of winter in the winter season.
8. Pusya Yatra
The Pusya yatra is celebrated on the full moon day (Purnima) tithi of the month of Poush as per Srimandir Panji. The bathing rituals of the deities are performed, and the bathing rituals are performed in the reflection of deities.
9. Uttarayan Yatra
The Uttarayan Yatra is celebrated on the Makar Sankranti of Poush month. Makar Churashi Bhog Niti Alati, Bandapana, etc. are offered to the deities.
10. Dola Yatra
On the full moon day (Purnima) of Falgun month, the Dola yatra is celebrated and the deities brought to Dola mandap and the Suna Besha are performed.
11. Damanak Yatra
Damanak yatra is celebrated on the Chaitra Shukla Chaturdashi tithi, the sebayats carry out the Damanak theft rituals on this occasion.
12. Chandan Yatra
This Chadan yatra is celebrated for 42days from the month of Baishakh Shukla Tritiya tithi (Akshaya Tritiya).The deities playing (Chap Khela)in Chadan Pokhari ( Chadan Pond) to get a little relief from the extreme heat.
13. Niladri Mohadaya
The Niladri Mohadoya Yatra is celebrated on the month of Baishakh Shukla Ashtami tithi as per Sri mandir Panji. On this day the Daru of deities is itself appeared and the inauguration of the temple was held.
There is 13 Yatra of Shree Jagannath Temple Puri is celebrated in twelve months of a year. The yatra is started from Snana Yatra and ends with Niladri Mohadoya Yatra. This 13 yatra of Shree Jagannath Puri is mentioned in the Skanda Purana and Niladri Mohadoya.
Pandit Rashmi Ranjan Rath is a Vedic researcher and also recognized by the Lord Jagannath Temple administration, Puri as a “Shree Jagannath Sanskruti Pracharak” in the year 2013. He has visited four Dhams of India for creating Lord Jagannath consciousness Worldwide. He is also the founder of “Baidika Brahamana Parisada Odisha”.